On November 15, 2021, President Biden signed into law the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL), enacted as the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA). The BIL includes a total of up to $7.5B in dedicated funding to help make EV chargers accessible to all Americans for local to long-distance trips.
The $7.5B is comprised of a $5 billion formula program and a $2.5 billion discretionary grant program. These two programs have independent names within the bill.
$5 billion (formula program) National Electric Vehicle Formula Program (NEVI): The program will provide dedicated funding to States to strategically deploy DCFC along the Interstate Highway System. States are directly receiving this funding to implement their independent deployment plans that must be submitted in order to receive the funding. The $2.5 billion discretionary grant program for charging and fueling infrastructure, also called the Corridor and Community Charging Grant Program (CCCG), will focus on other priorities such as supporting charging in rural and disadvantaged communities and also includes other fuels such as hydrogen, propane and natural gas fueling infrastructure in addition to EV charging. The CCCG program guidelines will be published at a later date.
The Joint Office of Energy and Transportation issued the National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Formula Program Guidance on February 10, 2022. This guidance only pertains to NEVI, the $5 billion program that will focus on strategically deploying DCFC along the Interstate Highway System. The Joint Office provides guidance to States for how they can implement the $5 billion, which will form the basis for an EV Infrastructure Deployment Plan that each state must submit in order to receive funding. At a high level the guidance included the following important details:
- DCFC should be located 1-mile driving distance from Interstate exits or highway intersections along designated corridors
- DCFC sites should be spaced a maximum of 50 miles apart along designated corridors
- DCFC sites should have amenities for drivers such as restrooms, lighting, and sheltered seating areas such as travel centers, food retailers, convenience stores, etc…
- Stations should be designed to provide at least four Combined Charging System (CCS) ports capable of simultaneously charging four EVs.
- Station power capability should be no less than 600 kW (supporting at least 150 kW per port simultaneously across four ports) for charging.
- Maximum charge power per DC port should not be below 150kW and should consider design and construction practices that allow for 350kW or greater charging rates through future upgrades.
- Achieve a high level of reliability, greater than 97% at the individual station level for no less than 5 years.
Additional details and guidance will be coming in May which will include definitions on FHWA requirements, chip readers, etc.
States must submit their plans no later than August 1, 2022. From there, the Joint Office will review and approve plans or request changes no later than September 30, 2022. States cannot spend any money until their plans are approved, so based on this timeline the first grant programs are to open in Q4 2022 at the earliest. From there, it takes time for applications periods to open and close, applications to be reviewed and selected, and grant agreements to be negotiated and executed. Once grant agreements are in place, it can be a year or longer until shipping stations, meaning the earliest we’d expect to see billings resulting from NEVI would be early-mid 2024.